FACTORS OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF AWKA EDUCATION ZONE
The study was a descriptive of factors associated with teenage pregnancy among secondary school biology students and its implications for teaching. It was carried out in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State (Nigeria). The population comprised of 5000 biology students in 60 secondary schools. Purposive sampling based on convenience was used to draw a sample size of 359 students (250 from monogamous homes and 101 from polygamous homes). Two research questions and one null hypothesis were formulated and addressed. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. The questionnaire (instrument) was face validated by three (3) veteran researchers in biology teacher education. It was also pilot-tested for reliability using test-retest technique. Calculation of Pearson Product Moment Co-efficient of Reliability (r) gave a value of 0.98 for which the researchers adopted the instrument as reliable. Arithmetic mean with decision point of 3.00 was taken, t-test tested at .05 level of significance (p>.05) was used to test the null hypothesis. The results of the study revealed that teenage girls from monogamous and polygamous homes significantly differ in their mean perception of the factors of teenage pregnancy in Awka Education Zone. Recommendations were offered which include intensive biology teaching with instructions in sexuality education and inculcation of good moral character in the biology students by parents, teachers and all who are concerned with child training and development. Conclusion of the research is that all seven factors investigated are of teenage pregnancy in the perception of secondary school biology students of both monogamous and polygamous homes.