ADOLESCENT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING
Adolescence is the life stage that bridges childhood and adulthood. Adolescents face a range of developmental issues. During the transition from childhood through adolescence to adulthood the individual is undergoing rapid social development. During this time, the adolescent’s peer group becomes increasingly important as a source of information, experience and support. Adolescents strongly identify with the contemporary youth, culture and begin to push for autonomy and responsibility in resistance to parental control and authority. Peer groups provide a context for personal relationships and a sense of belonging. Adolescents who fail to pass successfully through the turbulence adolescence transitional years are prone to exhibit social behaviours that tend to be hazardous. Some of them include drug and alcohol abuse, juvenile delinquency, adolescent pregnancy, depression and eating disorders. In view of the hazards associated with adolescent’s social behaviours, it becomes pertinent for parents and other significant social role models to ensure that their adolescents begin early in life to develop specific social skills and techniques, certain social understanding and tolerance, that will enable them to satisfy their social needs and lead a wholesome social life.